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Japanese Backyard Design - Dry Water
Dry water is very common in Japanese gardens, and it may be very eye catching too. Wait a minute, I can hear you questioning the time period 'dry water'- it's a contradiction in phrases isn't it? Well, YES and NO! And it's the NO part I'm going to concentrate on in this small article. But let me make clear the foundations of water sources and options in these specific types of gardens.
Water sources in these types of gardens ought to seem as natural as potential and mix in with the surroundings. Fountains do not exists in Japanese gardens, waterfalls sure, but fountains no. They are man made and not 'natural' in appearance. Do not get me unsuitable I am not 'fountainist' it's just with Japanese gardens there are specific guidelines that should be observed. In the event you really needed a fountain in a Japanese backyard, it's not a heinous crime however your garden wouldn't be wholly genuine!
Streams- nearly always man-made are a big part of Japanese gardening, they often are constructed with curves giving them a more natural appearance. The positioning of lanterns is more usually than not by streams or ponds within a garden. This represents the feminine and the male elements of 'water' and 'fire'.
This concept is known in Japanese tradition as YIN and YANG. Any stream in a Japanese garden will have deliberate imperfections designed into it, so as to give the 'water' a 'natural' look and an natural feel. The shapes of ponds must also look natural for this reason as well.
Water is never positioned in the centre of the backyard- particularly ponds. these will often have bigger stones within them to simulate islands. Sometimes it is common for them to have a smallish waterfall. The usage of stones is always very structural and symmetrical. This additionally applies to the all types of oriental gardens.
OK, that is the wet stuff out of the way. Let's move onto the idea and utilization of 'Dry Water' in Zen gardens. In Zen gardens it is fairly straight forward- sand is used to replicate water and this makes smaller landscape reproductions far easier. A Zen garden will more typically than not show a miniature panorama with mounds for mountains and sand to depict water. The sand is raked to give it's 'watery' appearance and may be raked in numerous styles time and again again.
In Japanese gardens 'Dry water' is featured more often than not in 'Karesansui' gardens. It is one of the fashionable types you possibly can visit or try to design and build and within the English language it means 'Dry mountain stream'. These types of Japanese gardens are know merely as 'Dry' gardens and are heavily influenced by Zen Buddhism. They're peaceable, simple and waterless- rocks are used to symbolise land plenty and the 'Dry water' -or- SAND/GRAVEL is raked to make it look like the sea or a big body of water. Brilliantly intelligent and with that means too.
Many hundreds of years ago this type of backyard was constructed by 'Senzui Kawarami' in a simple English translation this means 'Mountain, Stream and Riverbed folks'. They have been master craftsmen by trade and vocation and specialised in building these gorgeous Zen influenced gardens. It is typically accepted by Scholars that these types of gardens design originated in China as does a great deal of Japanese backyard history and influences. But that is one other story...
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